Physiotherapy Everything you need to know

Physiotherapy Everything you need to know


Physiotherapy is much more than massage. In physiotherapy training after injuries, illness, and pain, to regain optimal function. Physiotherapists there to help you get thru the pain and get better.

Different types of physiotherapy:

There are 13 professional groups and 14 areas you can become a specialist in, and physiotherapists treat people from cradle to grave. They work at institutes, at institutions such as hospitals, nursing homes, and schools, at home with users and at workplaces. Physiotherapists treat all conditions related to muscles and bones. Physiotherapy is everything between blue light and nursing.

It is up to each region to assess what needs the inhabitants have, and how physiotherapy should be prioritized. In some regions, there are many newly established families with children, in others perhaps many old ones. Therefore, the offer may vary from region to region. There can be a big difference between villages and towns.

12 types of physiotherapy explained:

Physiotherapy for neurology, orthopedics, and rheumatology

Neurology is the study of the nervous system, orthopedics is the study of the musculoskeletal system and rheumatology is the study of rheumatic diseases.

* Patients in this group often cannot get rid of their injuries/diseases. The goal is to maintain as good a function as possible. For some, it may mean that they can stay longer at work, while others may stay longer at home.

* The physiotherapist’s tasks include both an assessment of function, instruction, and guidance in adapted training, as well as advice for adapting the home and work situation.

Psychomotor physiotherapy

* Here emotions and body are connected. The treatment is linked to the patient’s mental ailments, which can also settle in the body. Changes in breathing and state of tension in the muscles are affected by how we feel about ourselves.

* You also work a lot with trauma, eating disorders, and the like. These therapists are found both in the specialist health service, in psychiatry, and in the regions.

Child and adolescent physiotherapy

* The physiotherapist is concerned with promoting development and good health in children and young people. The goal is to provide the best opportunities for optimal movement development, function, the joy of movement, and mastery. Treats both congenital and acquired injuries. The physiotherapists work, among other things, in hospitals with premature babies. They work at the health station, in the school’s health service, and at home with the child / young person, in close collaboration with the parents.

Physiotherapy for cancer and lymphedema

Follow-up of cancer patients is something many physiotherapists do, and more and more people are immersing themselves in this and increasing their competence, especially in lymphology.

* The physiotherapist can implement measures in all phases of cancer: at diagnosis, during and after treatment, and in advanced cancer.

The treatment that cancer patients undergo can be long-lasting and tough, both mentally and physically. Many people experience weakened muscle strength, decreased fitness, fatigue, pain, tension, breathing problems, or lumbar edema. Physiotherapy can prevent, rehabilitate, or alleviate such ailments.

* After cancer treatment where lymph nodes and lymph vessels have been removed or damaged, swelling can occur in a body part, for example in an arm, leg, or face. Lymphedema can also be caused by congenital defects in the lymphatic vessels. When developing lymphedema, it is important to initiate measures as soon as possible.

Physiotherapy for the elderly

* The physiotherapists who work with the elderly have specialized in geriatrics, and they work closely with other professionals. They often meet patients with several and complex diagnoses and work holistically to ensure that the patient gets it as well as possible, depending on his condition.

* The work takes place mostly in the regions, and the physiotherapists also work with patients as life nears its end. It is called palliative physiotherapy.

* Equestrian physiotherapy and needle treatment are separate professional groups here.


Physiotherapy - physiotherapists - and doctors work closely together.
Physiotherapy –
physiotherapists –
and doctors work closely together.

* Physiotherapists who work with health and environmental work have a field of work that includes health-promoting and preventive tasks. These physiotherapists are employed in occupational health services, companies, regions, public institutions, at the country’s universities and in various research environments. As independent consultants, physiotherapists also take on assignments in this field.

Cardiac and pulmonary physiotherapy

* Most specialists are in hospitals, but in practice, all physiotherapists work with both lung and heart. Movement and activity are keywords for what we do, and then both heat and lungs are definitely affected. Many chroniclers are large consumers of physiotherapy in the regional health service. The specialists often work in the intensive care unit of hospitals, something we see a lot of during the coronary pandemic. The physiotherapist has particularly good knowledge of pathology and can work with the very sickest, including those who are on a respirator. They help patients, so they get coughed up mucus and become confident in their breathing again.


The most common form of headache is tension headaches. What is it triggered by?

A. Stress, little sleep, little food or too much alcohol
B. Foods with a high salt content
C. Smoking, poor sleep or anxiety

Answer at the bottom of the article.

Manual therapy

* Specialists in manual therapy are physiotherapists who have in-depth knowledge of the structure and function of the locomotor system, as a basis for analyzing, assessing, and treating dysfunction in the musculoskeletal system and the nervous system. Therapists can manipulate (break) joints, and they are constantly using new methods through research prove to be effective.

General physiotherapy

* This is a separate specialization, and the physiotherapists have many tools in their box. A physiotherapist is someone who prevents and treats injuries and illnesses that cause pain and/or impaired function in the musculoskeletal system. All physiotherapists work with the body and movement to promote good health.


* Previously, Mensendieck was separate from physiotherapy, but now this has been merged. The form of treatment is based on a pedagogical exercise pattern that is about learning, getting to know, understanding, and experiencing your own body. This is used to understand the appropriate use of the body, and to train appropriate movements for use in daily life. Important elements from Mensendieck are brought into physiotherapy, including training in groups.

Sports Physiotherapy

* Offers both preventive treatment and treatment of sports injuries at all levels, from exercisers and children to top athletes. The goal is that the patient can continue to engage in the activity she wishes to engage in.

Physiotherapy for women’s health

* Concentrates especially on the woman’s abdomen. The physiotherapist offers both preventive and therapeutic measures in various phases of life, for example during pregnancy, injury after childbirth, follow-up of the pelvic solution, pelvic floor muscles, sexual health, incontinence, and other abdominal ailments.

This was a quick little summary of what the different physiotherapists have for tasks and where they can be found. Hope this little review was helpful and that you have more knowledge about physiotherapy now than before you started reading this article.

I myself am a personal trainer, but I also work with physiotherapists in connection with training programs for my clients.

Answer the mini-quiz

The correct answer is: A


Physiotherapy Everything you need to know




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